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Friday, May 23, 2014

X-amining Marvel Comics Presents #1-10

"The Good Guy" / "The Bad Guy" / "The Gals" / "The Ordeal" / "The Rescue" / "Things Get Bad" / "Things Get Worse" / "The Fight" / "The Confrontation" / "The Resolution"
Sept 1988 to Jan 1989

In a Nutshell 
Wolverine becomes embroiled in a power struggle for Madripoor's criminal empire. 

Writer: Chris Claremont
Penciler: John Buscema
Inker: Klaus Janson
Letterer: Tom Orzechowski, Lois Buhalis (issue #7), Ken Lopez (issue #9), Michael Hessler (issue #10)
Colorist: Glynis Oliver
Editor: Terry Kavanaugh & Michael Higgins
Editor-in-Chief: Tom DeFalco

Issue #1: In Madripoor, Wolverine visits the Princess Bar, looking for information. After fighting off a group of thugs threatening the owner, O'Donnell, he tells O'Donnell he was sent by Dave Chapel to find someone named the Tiger. Issue #2: The thugs chased off by Wolverine report to their boss, Roche, who tells them if they can defeat his newest enforcer, Razor Fist, they can live. Razor Fist easily kills them all, and is given the task of defeating the stranger interfering with Roche's business. Meanwhile, Wolverine tells O'Donnell that Chapel was tortured and left for dead when Wolverine found him. Suddenly, he sees a woman outside and recognizes her as Jessan Hoan. Issue #3: Wolverine confronts Jessan, but she escapes. Just then, Wolverine is confronted by Sapphire Styx, an energy vampire employed by Roche, who weakens him just as Razor Fist attacks, knocking him out.

Issue #4: Wolverine, a captive of Roche, is tortured for information, just as Chapel was before. Eventually, Wolverine manages to escape but is confronted by Razor Fist, who offers him a warriors death. The two battle, but the weakened Wolverine is overpowered and tumbles into the river. At the Princess Bar, Jessan comes looking for Wolverine, but O'Donnell tells her Roche has him. Issue #5: The river carries Wolverine out to the harbor, where he hallucinates before Jessan, having been watching Roche's villa, rescues him. Recognizing him as one of the X-Men who saved her from the Reavers, she nurses him back to health, and once he's recovered, thanks him for saving her life. Issue #6: Jessan tells Wolverine of how she tracked the Reavers' attack on her bank back to Roche. More angry and violent now as a result of the Reaver's attempted brainwashing, she set about usurping Roche's operation as the Tiger. As they pass one of her ships in the harbor, Wolverine catches a familiar scent. Going aboard the ship, they discover the crew slain just as the ship explodes.

Issue #7: Surviving the attack, Wolverine and Jessan track down a group of Roche's thugs and learn he has captured O'Donnell, believing him to be the Tiger. At Roche's villa, Roche prepares to have O'Donnell tortured. Issue #8: Wolverine and Jessan infiltrate Roche's complex, with Wolverine coming face to face with Razor Fist while Jessan confronts Sapphire Styx. Issue #9: Wolverine and Jessan battle their respective foes, with Jessan wounding Sapphire Styx and Wolverine slaying Razor Fist. Issue #10: Jessan frees O'Donnell as Wolverine confronts Roche. After Wolverine is shot by Roche, Jessan decapitates him, believing him to have killed Wolverine. She then takes Roche's place as the head of Madripoor's criminal empire. As she prepares to meet Madripoor's prince, Wolverine appears, telling her he'll act as her guardian and conscience. She tells him that he's won her heart; perhaps, he can yet save her soul.

Firsts and Other Notables
Marvel Comics Presents was a bi-weekly anthology series Marvel began publishing in 1988, which ran for 175 issues, until 1995. Each issues contained four eight page stories, at least two of which were usually parts of variably longer stories, while at least one was usually a standalone story. The idea was that readers would get not only a variety of characters in each issue but different kinds of stories: some starting, some ending, some in the middle, some standalone.

The series began with serial adventures for Wolverine, Shang-Chi, and Man-Thing, along with a standalone Silver Surfer story. Originally, the "lead" feature would focus on a specific member of the X-Men (Wolverine gives way to Colossus, followed by Cyclops, and so forth), though by issue #39, Wolverine became a regular feature and the series essentially became a second Wolverine solo title (while also continuing as an anthology).

For the record, while we'll probably look at most of the early X-Men specific stories (I already have the Colossus serial and the Cyclops one on my schedule), I don't intend to cover every Wolverine MCP story, just the significant ones (like "Weapon X").  

Issue #6, which was on sale at the same time as Wolverine #1, features Wolverine wearing an eye patch as a pseudo disguise. By issue #8, he is using the name Patch as a cover identity, and wearing the Patch costume that is his default look in the early issues of his series (the idea is, since the world believes the X-Men to be dead, Wolverine needs a new identity in order to operate independently in public and still maintain that ruse. A new costume and an eye patch is a pretty ludicrous secret identity, but the effort is appreciated).  

This storyline sees the return of Jessan Hoan, captured by the Reavers then set free by the X-Men in Uncanny X-Men #229. As a result of Pretty Boy's attempted brainwashing in that issue, she is stuck somewhere between the innocent woman she was and the more evil being into which the Reavers were trying to transform her. By the end of this issue, she has crowned herself the new crimelord of Madripoor and taken the name Tyger Tiger.

The Princess Bar, which will become a significant location within Madripoor throughout Wolverine's solo series, makes its first appearance in Marvel Comics Presents #1.

Roche, the crime lord whom Tyger Tiger deposes and his associate, Sapphire Styx, make their first, and I believe only, appearances in this storyline.

One of Roche's henchmen, Razor Fist, is an old Shang-Chi villain. As the name suggests, he has razor sharp blades for hands. He seemingly dies at Wolverine's hands in this issue, but will return elsewhere with no explanation (as well as make an appearance Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings).

Art in this story comes from Marvel mainstay John Buscema and inker Klaus Janson, who will also inaugurate the Wolverine solo series.

The Chronology Corner
Wolverine's appearance in this story occurs after Uncanny X-Men #231; after this story, he appears in the first seven issues of his solo series before rejoining the X-Men in issue #232.

A Work in Progress
Though it's not its first appearance, we learn a bit more about Madripoor throughout this story.

In Marvel Comics Presents #4, Wolverine rightly wonders how Razor Fist manages to eat.

Wolverine hallucinates a vision of his foster daughter Amiko (again incorrectly called "Akiko") in issue #5.

It's revealed in issue #6 that the Reavers were hired to rob Jessan's family's bank by Roche, prompting her revenge plan against him and her ultimate usurpation of his role.

I Love the 80s
Given that this series debuted in 1988 with a Wolverine solo story, it's not surprising that he's featured on the front cover of each of these issues, including, on Marvel Comics Presents #1, with a cigar fairly prominent. 

Also, as easy as it is to rag on the popularity and ubiquity of Wolverine, even in 1988, it's worth pointing out that while Marvel Comics Presents essentially gives him a second solo title, it is an anthology series, and while Wolverine will remain a presence in this series, without him, it's unlikely that the Shang-Chi and Man-Thing stories which also launch this series would ever have seen the light of day. Basically, Wolverine is keeping the lights on for the less-popular characters who will appear in this series.

The Best There is at What He Does
In issue #1, Wolverine gets a legitimately cool tough guy moment when facing off against a random thug holding a woman hostage.

Austin's Analysis
As a Wolverine solo story, this is all fairly routine. Noir-ish, first person narration, morally dubious characters with shifting motivations and a plot that involves Wolverine being soundly defeated in one act and emerging victorious against the same foe in another act; the influence of the Frank Miller limited series and even Kitty Pryde & Wolverine is clearly on display. As a setup for the Wolverine ongoing series (which this serial predates then runs concurrent with for a few issues), this is effective enough: we get to know Madripoor (which will be a fixture of the ongoing series) better, Wolverine gets a new femme fatale in Jessan Hoan, and we see Wolverine, chronologically, adopt his Patch identity for the first time.

What really makes this story unique is its structure. As a ten part, eight-pages-per-chapter serial, it reads unlike anything else, at times both as brief as a done-in-one and at other times as long as a multi-part narrative. The cliffhanger-every-eight-pages helps keep the pacing brisk and the story moving, even if many of the beats are things we've seen before. I have no idea how well this would read in bi-weekly installments (in one sitting, it gets bit more tedious than the creators likely expected; twice, for example, we see Jessan's kidnapping by the Reavers and rescue by the X-Men recapped. As a bi-weekly serial, this is essential; read in one sitting over the course of an hour, you wonder if those pages couldn't have been better used showing something else), but as a complete story, it's not nearly as bad as I was fearing. By no means essential reading for any but the most die-hard Wolverine completists (the Frank Miller limited series essentially tells the same story, better), but not a bad read either, and an interesting exercise in form.       

Next Issue
Uncanny X-Men #235 features the first appearance of Genosha, New Mutants #68 features fun in space, and X-Factor #33 features the return of Beast.


  1. The problem wasn't the Patch disguise itself- it could easily fool someone who has never met Logan in person before- but the fact that Claremont kept bringing people who knew Logan (Jessica Drew, Lindsay McCabe, Karma) and expecting the reader to accept that they were too stupid to recognize Logan with an eyepatch.
    One major problem is that Logan never makes even a token effort to see if there's some way to return Tyger Tiger to the woman she was before the Reavers' attack. Not even a "I checked with Psylocke/Forge- there's nothing can do" remark.
    The bi-weekly format wasn't bad for a ten part story but it was horrible for "Panther's Quest", which ran to twenty-five parts and was one of the worst paced stories Marvel has ever done.

  2. One of the first Wolverine stories I ever read. HUGE nostalgia cache belongs to this one. (Also true of X-Men Annual 12, come to think of it. It's a week for it, I guess.)

    I still love it, despite its flaws, and it is fairly "important," serving as a de facto Issue 0 of the new Wolverine ongoing, establishing both the locale and a couple of the supporting cast, and the first regular writer, penciller and inker.

    It is funny though that Claremont seems to have lost track of his own chronology, having characters referring to him as "Patch" before he actually takes that alias.

    (Although later stories will ret-con in the idea that Logan has, for decades, used "Patch" as his go-to identity whenever he's in Madripoor, which I guess kind of resolves the issue. Except then why wasn't he wearing the patch right from Part One of this serial?)

    Anyway ... big fan of this material.

  3. Ah, Madripoor. Marvel's version of a sleazier Singapore, located right next to...the Marvel version of Singapore.

  4. Yeah, yeah, yeah, "best there is," stabbity-stab, worst secret identity ever, not bad but not great.

    More Steve Gerber's Man-Thing, on the other hand: sssssweeet. Weird topical freak-out goodness.

    - Mike Loughlin

  5. I really like this story, as well as the first ten or so issues of Wolverine's ongoing -- all the stuff by Claremont and Buscema, basically. Buscema draws such a fantastic Wolverine, and I love his depictions of Madripoor and the Asian locales in general.

    Anonymous -- "...Claremont kept bringing people who knew Logan (Jessica Drew, Lindsay McCabe, Karma) and expecting the reader to accept that they were too stupid to recognize Logan with an eyepatch."

    Peter David humorously addresses this in his "Gehenna Stone Affiar" serial in the ongoing, where Jessica finally just comes out and says she knows Patch is Wolverine. Wolverine is apparently genuinely surprised that his "disguise" had not actually fooled her. I like the bit, though it makes Wolverine look as stupid as he assumed Jessica and the others to be.

  6. @ Matt: "Jessica finally just comes out

    Somewhere, thousands of subtext people just inhaled and then were disappointed.

  7. It didn't take long (about two years) for Claremont to eventually have Jubilee making fun of the Patch identity as well.


  8. Logan, #9 Pg. 2: "... Jess is a lot more than she seems. Calls herself Tyger Tiger. With good reason."

    And what might that be?

    I'm pretty sure this is the first time we see the full name "Tyger Tiger" after eight issues of her being called either "Tiger" or "Tyger". So even if the Blake poem inspired Claremont's preferred spelling, his and/or Orz's haphazard usage before this raises the question of whether "Tyger Tiger" was perhaps a "Robert Bruce Banner" situation applied in retrospect to cover up a goof.

    We also see Logan called Patch by Sapphire Styx when speaking to Jessan, as Jason notes, before he ever calls himself that — when the eyepatch itself has only briefly appeared, without explanation, and disappeared again.

    More continuity sloppiness that actually affects the story is, per captions, Jessan and Logan being out of action for a couple of weeks. First a day passes, then we're told she nurses him back to health on her boat for ten days, and then another couple of days elapse out at sea. I was somewhat mollified by O'Donnell having been captured by Roche in this span, but apparently he's only just been kidnapped and about to be tortured when Roche could've run roughshod over all of the rival Tiger-protected businesses by then.


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