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Thursday, May 4, 2017

X-amining X-Factor #87

February 1993

In a Nutshell
X-Factor gets psychoanalyzed by Doc Samson.

General Practice: Peter David
Associate: Shana David
Doctor of Gynecology: Joe Quesada
Doctor of Opthamology: Al Milgrom
Doctors of Podiatry: Richard Starkings & Steve Dutro
Director of Veterinary Medicine: Marie Javins
Ear, Nose & Throat: Kelly Corvese
Doctor of Urology: Bob Harras
Doctor of Proctology: Tom DeFalco

In the wake of recent events, each member of the team meets with a psychiatrist for counseling. Wolfsbane discusses identity issues and her relationships with authority figures. Quicksilver offers up an explanation for his constant irritability. Polaris discusses her body image issues and fear of being controlled, then angrily shows off a new costume. Strong Guy tells the story of the first time his powers manifested, while Madrox admits to a fear of being alone. Finally, Havok talks about feeling inferior to his brother. After their sessions, Val Cooper meets with the psychiatrist, Doc Samson, and displays a shocking ignorance of the mental state of her team, something which outrages her when Samson points it out to her. As she storms out of his office, she is attacked by some kind of creature with massive tentacles, and dragged away.

Firsts and Other Notables
Another epilogue of sorts to "X-Cutioner's Song", this issue features each member of the team receiving therapy in the wake of the events of the crossover from an unseen psychiatrist who, in the final panels of the issue, is revealed to be longtime Hulk supporting character (and token Marvel psychiatrist) Doc Samson (his dialogue bubbles throughout the issue are also tinged green on the edges, a hint at this identity).

This issue also marks the beginning of Joe Quesada's short run as the series' new regular artist. He will only last through issue #92 (and will get help drawing issue #90, while #91 is drawn entirely by a fill-in artist), though he does outlast Peter David (who leaves the series with issue #89). Quesada, who also drew X-Factor Annual #7) will, of course, eventually come back to Marvel as part of the Marvel Knights imprint in the late 90s (where he'll draw Kevin Smith's Daredevil relaunch), the success of which he'll parlay into becoming Marvel's overall Editor-in-Chief from 2000 to 2011, making him the longest-tenured EiC (to date) behind only Stan Lee.

The "Polaris has body issues" subplot that has been simmering more or less since Peter David took over essentially culminates in this issue with Polaris...getting a sexy new costume. It's presented her as an act of empowerment on Polaris part, and I think David means well, but it's also really hard not to read this plotline as nothing more than "woman who thinks she's fat loses weight and wears a costume designed to titillate".

This issue contains what is probably my single favorite Quicksilver moment, one which I highlighted here, in which he explains his constant snottiness and anger as the result of his entire life feeling like he's in a hurry but stuck in line behind a guy who doesn't know how to use the ATM.

It's established here that Guido's exaggerated physical features are the result of his powers, in that his body physically reacts to the absorption of kinetic energy, and if he doesn't release it, his body will remain swelled, which happened the first time his power manifested. As a result, he says he is in constant agony.

Throughout the issue, panels depicting colored bags of garbage are periodically inserted among the regular goings-on of the story; on the final page, these bags form some kind of garbage monster that attacks and drags away Val Cooper. Issue #92 reveals this to be some sort of creature sent by the Acolytes to implant Val with a parasite that gave them control over her; however, that issue isn't written by David, and it seems unlikely that was his intent when he wrote the scene in this issue, though I have no idea what, if anything else, David had in mind.

This issue fills the bottom corner cover box (which usually contains either the UPC code for newsstand books or some kind of illustration or ad in Direct Market books) with an image celebrating the X-Men's 30th anniversary in 1993; it will be featured on the cover of most X-books (and other Marvel titles) throughout the year.

Creator Central
Shana David is credited in this issue; she suggested the idea of the Ren & Stimpy parody.

A Work in Progress
The whole "Quicksilver doesn't wear an official X-Factor uniform!" topic from the letters page makes its way into the comic itself, as Doc Samson asks him about it directly.

As of this issue, Polaris' jaw has healed and she's had the brace removed; her big takeaway from the experience is that it helped her lose weight.

Polaris mentions times when other people got into her head and controlled here, references to her long-time possession by Malice and her earlier, shorter stint as a braindwashed stooge of Erik the Red.

The Grim 'n' Gritty 90s
As a follow-up of sorts to the previous "Rahne's World" Wayne's World parody, this issue opens with Rahne describing a dream in which she is the star of a Ren &Stimpy parody, "Rahne & Simpy" (with Feral as Simpy).

Young Love
Rahne says that it hurts when she's not near Havok.

The Awesome and Terrible Power of Cyclops Havok
Havok tells Doc Samson he feels like he's constantly being compared to his brother.

Austin's Analysis
This issue routinely gets cited as the best issue of Peter David's original X-Factor run (and sometimes his best issue of X-Factor, period), one of (if not the best) issue of X-Factor overall, and one of the best single issues to come out of the 90s. Neither a Classic Claremont Quiet Issue nor a Lobdellian Post-Crossover Quiet Issue (though it shares characteristics with both), the focus here is almost entirely on characterization, as David uses the device of the characters getting checked out for PTSD in the wake of "X-Cutioner's Song" by the Marvel Universe's resident psychologist Doc Samson as a vehicle to dig into and explore the psyche of every member of the team, deepening and expanding their characterization in the space of a few pages each. In the process, he shows, amongst other things, the pain at the heart of Strong Guy's jocularity, the irony of Madrox' loneliness, and offers up what is the definitive portrayal of Quicksilver in explaining just why he's such an arrogant ass all the time.

David is joined by Joe Quesada, and while Quesada's previous work on the series' "Shattershot" annual was more posed and action-orientated, he matches up well here with the quieter focus of the story, using lots of closeups on faces and body language to express emotion: Rahne's doe-eyed naivety, Quicksilver's permanent sneer, the way Jamie's droopy Quesada Hair highlights his sadness at the prospect of being alone, Havok collapsing into his seat, as if forced down by the burden of living up to his brother's example. The art isn't just depicting scenes of characters talking, it's helping show, underline and/or contrast what readers are being told via dialogue. The Image-esque Quesada (especially at this time) may not seem like a good fit for this quieter type of story, but he acquits himself well here.

If this issue has any drawbacks (aside from Polaris' scenes mostly dealing with her questionably body image storyline), it's the weird garbage tentacle monster subplot that concludes the issue by attacking Val, if only because hindsight shows this to be an ultimately superfluous plotline aborted by David's departure and then hastily resolved by his successor, the one bit from the issue that doesn't stand the test of time. Everything else is fantastic, though. This is hardly the first time a series devoted an entire issue just to character development, nor will it be the last (becoming more and more prevalent in the modern era), but rarely is it ever done this well.

Next Issue
Tomorrow, more memory shenanigans in Wolverine #66. Next week, X-Men #17 and X-Force #19.

Collected Editions


  1. I really like Joe Quesada's artwork at this phase of his career. This is probably my favorite phase for him, in fact.

    Questionable though Polaris's costume may be, I do think certain aspects of it look really cool. I like that it's all shiny gold metal, for example, and I like the color scheme. Why she stands up on her tippy-toes as she reveals it to Samson is a mystery, though.

    The story is fine, though I find it odd that every member of the team needs to have some psychological issue. Can't one of them be perfectly well-adjusted?

    1. I don't think each member had a "psychological issue" per se, just different mutant problems lead them to have different personal struggles. Just like the way any random group of six friends will likely be going through different trials in their lives given their background, upbringing, etc. That relatability really sells this issue to me.
      Anyone, fictional or real, who's "perfectly wel-adjusted" would be sort of boring to x-amine, wouldn't you say? :)
      I also think this is joe's best art period, it's the first I think of when I think of him as and artist (but not EIC).

  2. Everyone obviously immediately notices that the "Mutant Mutant Angst Angst" song goes to the tune of the Ren&Stimpy classic Happy Happy Joy Joy. Gotta love how the record throwing by Simpy reminds me of one of my favorite episodes, "Sven Hoek". The others are "Jiminy Lummox" and the one where they were part of the Soviet space program.

    I only got around to reading this very recently, and totally did not see it coming that the psychiatrist was Doc Samson. Awesome.


  3. I’m not sure how to take Val’s assessments of her team. When introduced she was a Them, not an Us, in terms of our protagonists but over time — since the 1991 restructuring of the line, for sure — that changed. Is David throwing her character under the bus for the sake of a gag, or establishing a key element of her role in the JLI-style sitcom aspect of the book? [Maybe unanswerable given his departure a couple of issues from “now”.]

    Since I had zero recollection that Lorna’s body issues had become a subplot, her dialogue here really hit me out of left field. I’ll allow that she wouldn’t necessarily be immune to such feelings just because she’s a superhero in empirically incredible shape (and that personal issues often get added to characters who were created in times where that wasn’t done so much) but it struck me as a big awkward thing to drop on the reader. PTSD from Malice controlling her for so long, on the other hand, makes perfect sense. Then, in another bit that’s unclear to me in terms of David’s intentions, Samson points out a supposed irony in Lorna’s having magnetic powers but feeling unattractive. Is that epic-fail wordplay on the part of a character being presented as too clever by half or a writer unable to curb such tendencies? I’d tell Samson to f*** off in so many words, too.

    My biggest question, though, is how the hell David missed the opportunity to further hint at Samson’s identity by having him compliment Lorna’s hair.

  4. I think the colorful "garbage bags" are supposed to be the contents of a candy dish.

  5. Wow, only four comments on this, the best X-issue since Claremont's departure.

    I was so blown away by this issue at the time, and I think it still holds up. It was especially heartening for me, because after "X-Cutioner's Song" I had dropped everything but this. (Still a PAD loyalist.) And it was so heartening to see that X-Factor going forward was going to be AWESOME.

    I was also surprised by Samson's reveal at the end, despite that this month's Hulk (also by PAD of course), which I bought the same night and which was waiting for me on the coffee table to read as soon as I finished X-Factor, had a cover which boasted "The Return of Doc Samson!"

  6. I'm almost 90% certain that Lorna's body image issues were meant to lead to her having an eating disorder, which would have been about her having control over her body, which she'd often had little to no control over..


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