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Monday, October 2, 2017

The Milch Studies - DEADWOOD Season Two

Deadwood was never a media darling in the same vein as The Sopranos, but its debut season did have respectable ratings, and with HBO eager to maintain its reputation as the place for literate, adult dramas, the series was able to enjoy a boost in its budget for the second season.  The money is clearly put on the screen, as the sets grow more elaborate, the thoroughfare becomes increasingly crowded with extras, and the number of featured players multiplies. 

The (Ever Expanding) Call Sheet
The three official leads of the show remain Timothy Oliphant, Ian McShane, and Powers Boothe, but a number of guest stars from Season One have now been promoted to featured player status, meaning that nearly every second of the opening credits is packed with names of actors, all playing some role in the increasingly complex community of Deadwood.  And that’s to say nothing of the extras that are also being plucked from the background and transformed into recurring characters.  This year, for example, an extra hired to play one of Al Swearingen’s prostitutes, actress Jennifer Lutheran, emerges from the crowd and begins what seems to be an extremely minor romantic subplot with Johnny, the most slow-witted of Al’s lackeys.  Their relationship will become a key factor in next season’s finale, which turned out to be the farewell to the series.  (And just as Milch allowed an extra named Richardson to keep his real name after his character was officially christened, so does Jennifer Lutheran play someone simply named Jen.)

This is one of Deadwood’s greatest strengths, the sense that the stories aren’t being conceived as conventional TV dramas, with one or two stars who have to be given a certain number of scenes each episode, or bit players often there to star in tedious B-plots that give the real stars an opportunity to take a break during filming.  In Deadwood, literally anyone might step up from the crowd and be granted their own special moment, or at the very least, influence a major event in the community.

Probably the best example of a minor player in Season One becoming a fully realized character in Season Two would be actor Jim Beaver’s evolution as Whitney Ellsworth, the enthusiastic owner of a “workin’ gold claim” in Season One who becomes a pure hearted, yet still crude, representation of a simple man with the decency to reach out and ease someone’s pain.  His willingness to marry Alma Garrett, not only to deny her the societal embarrassment that would accompany having a child out of wedlock (with the camp’s sheriff, no less), but also to provide the camp’s orphan Sophia with a real father is truly touching, and the wedding of Ellsworth and Alma serves as the symbolic backdrop for the season finale’s multi-tiered resolution of various plot threads.  It’s a marriage of convenience, one of the many “lies agreed upon” this year, but it’s also moving in a way, an opportunity for the collection of free spirits, all motivated by greed, to come together and celebrate a union of two selfless individuals.

The increasingly swollen cast also signifies one of the reasons Deadwood couldn’t truly connect with a mainstream audience -- viewers aren’t used to keeping track of so many characters.  The nearest example would be soap operas during the heyday of the daytime drama, but those shows had the benefit of five hours a week to fill.  Deadwood is only twelve episodes a year, and in addition to the numerous character arcs, the show is also deeply invested in the political wrangling that’s required to turn this outlaw colony into an official part of America.  This would demand an attentive viewership under the best of circumstances, even if the actors weren’t also speaking in Shakespearean riddles.  Later, even diehard fans of the show began to question Milch’s sanity, as the cast of Season Three started to bloat seemingly out of control.

“The Whores Can Come”
Airing in the era in-between lengthy think pieces devoted to entertainment product, and said think-pieces turning into moralistic lectures and social crusades, Deadwood’s blunt portrayal of sex workers in this era went largely unnoticed in the previous decade.  Often, the way Al and Cy treat their stable of prostitutes (usually referred to as “whores” at best, another term at worst), is played for laughs, with this season presenting, among other memorable moments, Cy’s grand sales pitch for just how to market Chinese prostitutes to xenophobic prospectors.  The humor is balanced by an increasing willingness to not only give more of the working women opportunities to become real characters, but also to present the actual conditions for women in this camp.  In the historical Deadwood, over ninety percent of the women in the camp were prostitutes, and the majority of those women either became opium addicts, committed suicide, or were victims of abusive johns.  It was a horrible life, and often a short one for the women involved.

The dangers of this life are dramatized by the introduction of geologist Francis Wolcott, a newcomer in the camp who’s arrived to seek out potential gold claims for the famous George Hearst.  Wolcott is shown as prissy, tightly wound, and even more given to erudite soliloquies than the rest of the cast.  (His “Including youth, Mr. Manual?” monologue, musing on the futility of regretting the past, delivered to a man Wolcott convinced to kill his brother over a gold claim, really is an incredible piece of writing, even more Shakespearean than usual for this series.)  Wolcott also has violent sexual desires, ones that lead him to kill three prostitutes at the new brothel opened by Joanie Stubbs.

Initially, I found the introduction of a character who’s essentially a serial killer into the cast to be distracting and simply out of tune with the rest of the series.  (Jack the Ripper aside, the serial killer phenomenon tends to be viewed as a facet of American culture post-1960.)  Rewatching the episodes, I can see a clearer storyline for Wolcott, who doesn’t give in to his bloodiest desires until his previous beating of a woman is revealed to Cy, who threatens to use it as blackmail material.  Humiliated that his secret is exposed, and unable to kill Cy for political reasons, Wolcott enters a fugue state and takes out his anger and shame on the girls at Joanie’s place.  His actions are still horrific, but not arbitrarily evil in this context.

Increasingly this year, the audience is forced to confront the reality of the dangerous life these women experienced.  Even when the most developed prostitute on the show, Trixie, makes the first deposit in the official Deadwood Bank, she records her name as “Trixie the Whore” because that’s how she’s known today, and it’s the only way Trixie can imagine she’ll be remembered.  If there’s any humor to be found, it’s extremely dark, and perhaps best suited for a truly callous man like Cy Tolliver.

Where is “Yankton,” Exactly?
Season Two can be hard to swallow at times, given that much of the dialogue is spent on the political maneuvers required to have Deadwood officially join the United States…in a manner that Al Swearengen finds personally beneficial.  (Although Al’s interests and the camp’s usually align.)  Rewatching the episodes, it’s easier to catch what’s going on -- George Hearst has financial interests in the Dakota Territory, which will likely enable him to buy up the existing gold claims at a cheap price, after the government of Yankton declares the current ownerships invalid.  Al Swearengen conspires to find an advantage over Yankton, using Seth Bullock’s existing ties to Montana to invent a rumor about Montana competing with the Dakota Territory over the property.  Fearing that Montana will claim Deadwood, and all of the precious gold in those hills, Yankton is more amiable to new terms, ones that will enable the pioneers to keep their existing property.

What’s harder to discern is what exactly Al is up to during his conversations with Miss Isringhausen, the tutor employed by Alma Garrett who turns out to be a secret operative of the Pinkertons.  I get that he’s offering terms for her to lie to the Pinkertons and get out of town, but the specifics of the deal are often hard to decipher.  I’m half-convinced that Miss Isringhausen is another character that Milch retroactively decided to elevate to a higher status, given that she barely speaks in her initial appearances.  It’s possible he realized quickly that Sarah Paulson (whose career has exploded recently) was too good an actress to squander in such a small role.

That Ain’t Right
Even as the exterior sets are becoming increasingly packed with extras (an acknowledgement of how quickly the population of the real Deadwood camp exploded), The Gem Saloon usually appears vacant.  So vacant, you’ve got to question how Al keeps the place open.  The real Gem was far busier than we see on the series, with crowds of people, stage shows, and even boxing matches.

All Things in Time
Milch’s tendency to set each episode one day after the last is exaggerated this year, as there are two separate two-parters that both take place on the same day.  The only break in day-to-day continuity this year is the season finale, which takes place a week after the previous episode.  Setting every episode so closely to the next creates some quirks with timeline, such as just how quickly Al Swearengen recovers from the brutal beating Seth gives him in the premiere, and the near fatal kidney stone that puts Al out of commission for the next two episodes.  (And Seth would require his own recovery time after his fight with Al, but this is also glossed over.)  We also have questionable events such as the Yankton commissioner Jarry reading a story in the Deadwood Pioneer newspaper the morning it’s published, in a different town, and arriving in Deadwood on the same day to address the rumors spread by the paper.

Miscellaneous Notes
  • Season Two turns out to be funnier and sadder than the opening year, sometimes simultaneously.  The rigid, ceremonial relationship between Seth Bullock and the wife he took out of obligation is played as a tragedy when contrasted against the genuine feelings he has for Alma Garrett, but the absurdly formal way the couple addresses each other is consistently amusing.  Also, the tragedy that befalls their son William is incredibly heartbreaking, yet it leads to Al’s hilarious conversation with the Commissioner Jarry, chastising the man for daring to talk business on the day of his “godson’s” funeral, all the while manipulating Jarry to get anything he can out of him.
  • Anyone with an interest in this show needs to check out Alan Sepinwall's retrospective on the series, which is not only great reading on its own, but features no shortage of insightful comments from Jim Beaver and other performers in the comments section.
  • Also worth checking out is character actor Stephen Tobolowsky's podcast on working on Deadwood, which also covers the art of improv and his experiences with various directors.  And if you've seen the new Justice League Action cartoon, have you noticed Tobolowsky's incredibly deadpan performance as Dr. Stein, Firestorm's long-suffering better half?  One of my favorite vocal performances in a DC cartoon.
  • William’s death was allegedly brought about by a rocky relationship between production and the young actor’s parents.  According to actor Keone Young, who played Mr. Wu, the actor’s mother was uncomfortable with the boy being around the harsh profanity used on the set and wanted him off the show.
  • The most devastating "lie agreed upon" this year would be Seth pretending to be William’s biological father during his final conversation with the boy.  Timothy Oliphant’s performance for most of this year is impeccable.  It’s crazy to think that he didn’t personally feel up for this role when cast.
  • Rewatching the show can reveal numerous subtleties that weren’t apparent on the first viewing.  It’s only watching this season now do I see how deeply Al’s near-death experience changes him in the early episodes, making Al realize just how needed he is in the community, and perhaps giving him a bit of humility and appreciation for the suffering of his fellow man.  Then again, he does close the season by ordering a brutal hit on Mr. Wu’s business rivals, so he’s not a total sap yet.
  • It’s my understanding that the real-life Al Swearengen was insanely wealthy even back in the 1800s, so the Pinkertons’ $50,000 bribe to have him confess to arranging the murder of Alma’s husband seems pretty pathetic in that light.  The Gem was bringing in tens of thousands in a single night in these days.
  • Ellsworth’s first name is revealed as Whitney this year, a tribute courtesy of actor Jim Beaver to Whitney Ellsworth, comic book editor and producer on the 1950s Adventures of Superman television series.
  • The season finale for this year, according to reports, took thirty days to shoot, a sharp contrast to the seven to ten-day shooting schedules of most shows.  Milch apparently changed his mind repeatedly about how to close the year and kept reshooting scenes and adding new ones.  Consequently, the editing of the finale is incredibly fast-paced, especially when compared to the leisurely pacing of most prestige dramas.
  • One consequence of edits to the finale is the loss of most of actor Gordon Clapp’s scenes.  Clapp’s best known for playing Greg Medavoy for all twelve seasons of NYPD Blue, and he’s the only major Blue cast member to have a role on Deadwood.  (He plays an eccentric fashion designer who’s arrived for the Ellsworth wedding.)  Milch was able to coax several ninety-minute NYPD Blue episodes out of ABC, so I’m not sure why HBO wouldn’t allow an episode to run long.
  • The historical account of the death of Reverend Smith is acknowledged this year, with Al repeating the official line that he was killed by Indians, even though the camp’s elites know the truth.  (Another lie agreed upon.)
  • Watching Seth and Charlie investigate the murder of the Manual brother brings back memories of Milch’s NYPD Blue days.  If Deadwood focused more on Seth’s responsibilities as sheriff and less on the macro-politics of the camp, I would’ve been okay with that.
  • Even villains on the show can exhibit moments of humanity, like when Francis Wolcott commits suicide, not only punishing himself for his crimes against Joanie’s girls, but also to absolve his father figure George Hearst of his unwitting complicity in Wolcott’s acts.  And loudmouth, obnoxious Steve the Drunk shows a different side of himself when he excitedly assists young William’s attempts to ride on Tom Nutall’s bicycle (pronounced “bi-CYCLE”).
  • A consistent theme throughout the year is the way anyone with power is tempted to abuse it, even the moral heroes of the series.  Having characters like Al and Cy exploit whatever they hold over someone is no surprise, but even the thoroughly likable Sol Starr lords his intimate knowledge of Montana politics over Al when he’s given the opportunity to do so.  Foul-mouthed moral paragon Charlie Utter physically dominates the prim Francis Wolcott, giving him a nasty beating as punishment for his own exploitation of power over Joanie’s girls.  And Seth Bullock, possessed with an innate sense of justice, will still routinely take a bad mood out on his business partner Sol, or random louts in the camp like Steve the Drunk.  These are minor demonstrations of a theme that will dominate the next season of the series.

Next time: My least favorite Deadwood season.  The second year holds up much better than I remembered, so will I change my mind on Season Three?


  1. This is the full "Including youth?" speech that Wolcott delivers to Mose Manual, who's demanding a refund and only now starting to feel the guilt after killing his brother (the context being that Mose and his brother never got along, and Mose isn't exactly easy on the eyes):

    "Including youth, Mr. Manuel? And why not beauty? Not credibly restored, perhaps, but as a new non-negotiable term? Would you not have, too, your brother Charlie resurrected? Would you stipulate your envy of him being purged? Surely, you insist that Charlie retain certain defects - his ineffable self-deceptions, for example, which were your joy in life to rebuke, and purpose, so far as you had one. I suppose you would see removed those qualities which caused you to love him, and the obliviousness to danger which allowed you to shed his blood."

  2. This was the season that got me watching DEADWOOD. I arrived at a friend's house as he happened to be watching the episode in which Al passed his stone. I liked what I saw so when I went home, I caught up on the previous episodes of the season On Demand, then watched it going forward. I eventually went back to watch season 1, too.

    It does seem really odd that Milch couldn't get an extra-length season finale from HBO, considering they routinely do that for many other shows. (Though maybe things were different in 2005? I didn't watch much pay cable back then.)

    I had forgotten Sarah Paulsen was in this series. Also, you may already be aware, but fun trivia: Keone Young voiced Storm Shadow in the original G.I. JOE cartoon. It's fun to imagine the Cobra ninja hurling Wu's trademark insult at the Joes.

  3. I only recently discovered that Keone Young has had a long career in voice acting. Had no idea he was Storm Shadow (I did discover years ago that the actor who played the Dharma Initiative doctor from LOST was the voice of Quick Kick...and one of the live action Shredders!) Interesting that they didn't just cast white guys for those roles, but the Sunbow cartoons did tend to have high quality voice acting in those days.

  4. I like the use of American Gothic alumni: Sarah Paulson here and Paige Turco in NYPD Blue.

    The setup for William's accident was disturbing: there's all the fun with the bicycle, and just a business-as-usual gelding going on at the stable. I was helplessly shouting at the screen when I realized what a horrible concoction they built it up to as the horse escaped.

    The historical account of the death of Reverend Smith is acknowledged this year, with Al repeating the official line that he was killed by Indians, even though the camp’s elites know the truth. (Another lie agreed upon.)

    As a base rule I'm totally against a TV show taking historic liberties, but they always win me back with this trick of characters shenaniging to give an in-universe false, but real-world historic record of events.


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